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Subiect: Pregatire interviu engleza

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Propozitii interogative

Forma interogativa a verbului to be

Se formeaza prin inversarea verbului cu subiectul, ca si in romaneste.

I am happy - Eu sunt fericit(a)
Am I happy? - Sunt eu fericita?
Are you a teacher> - Esti profesor?
Is he your friend? - Este el prietenul tau?
Are they late for work? - Au intarziat ei la serviciu>
Are you Swedish? - Esti suedez?
Am I right? - Am dreptate?
Were you tired? - Ai fost obosit?

Spre deosebire de romana, in engleza se poate zice Am I? sau chiar I am?.
Dar cele doua au intelesuri diferite.
I am? exprima mirare si bucurie.
Am I? exprima indoiala.
De exemplu:
You are in the top ten. - Esti intre primii zece.
I am? - Da?

You are not in the top ten. - Nu esti intre primii zece.
Oh, I'm not? - O, nu?

You are so happy! - Esti asa de fericit!
Am I? - Zau?

You are not smart! - Nu esti destept!
I'm not, am I? - Nu sunt, nu? (ironic)

Raspunsul la o intrebare de genul Are you happy? poate fi
Yes - Da
Yes, I am - Da, sunt
No - Nu
No, I am not - Nu, nu sunt
Are you a farmer? - No.
You are not a farmer?! - No, I am not.
Are you?
Yes!

Esti fermier? - Nu.
Nu esti fermier?! - Nu, nu sunt.
Tu esti?
Da!

Interogativul in cazul timpurilor necompuse (Present Tense si Past Tense)

Atunci cand propozitia contine alt verb decat to be (si nu contine un verb modal)iar verbul nu e la o forma compusa, interogativul se formeaza cu ajutorul verbului auxiliar to do NU se face inversarea verbului cu subiectul ca in cazul lui to be.

You work at night - Lucrezi noaptea.
You drive - Conduci.
I know you - Te cunosc
They all live in a yellow submarine - Ei locuiesc toti intr-un submarin galben.
devin

Lucrezi noaptea? - Do you work at night?
Do you drive? - Conduci?
Do I know you? - Te cunosc?
Do they all live in a yellow submarine?- Locuiesc ei toti intr-un submarin galben?

Aunci cand in intrebari se cere folosirea verbului to do acesta preia persoana si timpul verbului de baza.
Astfel persoana a treia a verbului pierde litera s si la orice persoana verbul ramane la infinitiv.

He plays cards - El joaca carti
She rides horses - Ea calareste cai.
My green parrot flies well - Papagalul meu verde zboara bine.
You did your homework - Ti-ai facut temele.
Does he play cards? - El joaca carti?
Does she ride horses? - Ea calareste?
Does your green parrot fly well? - Zboara bine papagalul tau verde?

Did you play cards? - Tu ai jucat carti?
Did she play cards? - Ea a jucat carti?
Did they ride horses - Au calarit ei cai? Did your geen parrot fly well? - Zbura bine papagalul tau verde?
Did you do your homework - Ti-ai facut temele?

La interogatii daca timpul este compus do nu se foloseste dar se schimba ordinea pronumelui cu primul auxiliar.

You had eaten enough. - Mancasei destul.
She has always come home for Christmas.- Totdeauna a venit acasa de Craciun.
You have been jogging lately - Ai facut jogging in ultimul timp.
We will overcome - Vom invinge.
. The cowboy is riding in the moonlight. - Cowboyul calareste in lumina lunii.
Had you eaten enough? - Mancasei destul?
Has she always come home for Christmas? - A venit ea totdeauna acasa de Craciun?
Have you been jogging lately? - Ai facut jogging in ultimul timp?
Will we overcome? - Vom invinge?
Is the cowboy riding in the moonlight? - Calareste cowboyul la lumina lunii?

Propozitii interogative fara inversare

You work tonight - Lucrezi diseara
Do you work tonight - Lucrezi diseara?
Se poate spune si
You are working tonight? (deci fara inversare, dar nu este propriu-zis o intrebare, exprima mirarea (You work tonight !?!)
I like to eat grapefruit. - Imi place sa mananc grep.
Do you like to eat grapefruit? - Iti place sa mananci grep?
You like to eat grapefruit?!? - Iti place sa mananci grep?!?

He has gone to hunt lions.- S-a dus sa vaneze lei.
Has he gone to hunt lions? - S-a dus sa vaneze lei?
He has gone to hunt lions?- S-a dus sa vaneze lei?!?

Exemplu: Forma interogativa a verbului to be si to watch la Present Tense

I am happy - Eu sunt fericit
I watch a movie every night - Ma uit la un film in fiare seara.
Are you happy? - Tu esti fericit?
Is he happy? - E el fericit?
Do you watch a movie every night? - Te uiti la un film in fiecare seara?
Does he watch a movie every night? - Se uita el la un film in fiecare seara?

Exemplu: Forma interogativa a verbului to watch la Present Continuous

I am watching a movie. - Ma uit la un film.
Are you watching a movie? - Te uiti la un film?
Is she watching a movie? - Ea se uita la un film?
Are they watching a movie? - Ei se uita la un film?

Exemplu: Forma interogativa a verbului to be si to watch la Past Tense

I was happy - Eu eram fericit
I watched a movie - M-am uitat la un film.
Was I happy - Eram fericit
Were you happy? - Erai fericit
Was she happy? - Era fericita?

Did you watch a movie? - Te-ai uitat la un film?
Did they watch a movie - S-au uitat ei la film?

Exemplu: Forma interogativa a verbului to be si to watch la Present Perfect

I have been happy in the past - Eu eram fericit in trecut
I have watched a movie - M-am uitat la un film.
Have I been happy in the past? - Am fost eu fericit in trecut?
Has he been happy in the past? - A fost el fericit in trecut?
Have they been happy in the past? - Au fost ei fericiti in trecut?

Have you watched a movie? - Te-ai uitat la un film?
Has she watched a movie? - S-a uitat ea la un film?

Exemplu: Forma interogativa a verbului to watch la Past Continuous

I was watching a movie when the lights went off - Ma uitam la un film cand s-au stins luminile.
Were you watching a movie, when the lights went off? - Te uitai la un film cand s-au stins luminile.
Was he watching a movie, when the lights went off? - Se uita el la un film cand s-au stins luminile?.
Were they watching a movie, when the lights went off? - Se uitaU ei la un film cand s-au stins luminile?

Exemplu: Forma interogativa a verbului to be si to watch la Past Perfect

I had been happy until then - Pana atunci fusesem fericit(a).
I had watched a movie already - Ma uitasem deja la un film.
Had you been happy untill then? - Pana atunci fusesei fericit(a)?
Had we been happy untill then? - Pana atunci fusesem noi fericit?

Had you watched a movie already? - Te uitasei tu deja la un film?
Had they watched a movie already? - Se uitasera ei deja la un film?

Exemplu: Forma interogativa a verbelor to watch si to be la Future Tense

Someday, I will be happy - Intr-o zi voi fi fericit(a).
I will watch a movie - Ma voi uita la un film.
Someday, will I be happy? - Voi fi fericit(a) intr-o zi?
Someday, will they be happy - Voi fi ei(ele) fericiti(e) intr-o zi?

Will I watch a movie? - Ma voi uita eu la un film? (vezi verbe modale)
Will they watch a movie? - Se vor uita ei la un film? (vezi verbe modale)

Exemplu: Forma interogativa a verbului to watch la Future Continuous

I will be watching a movie at that time - Ma voi uita la un film, la acea ora.
Will you be watching a movie at that time? - Te vei uita la un film la acea ora?
Will we be watching a movie at that time? - Ne vom uita la un film la acea ora?

Forma interogativa a verbelor to watch si to be la Future Perfect

I will have been happy - Voi fi fost fericit(a).
When this movie is over I will have watched 3 movies - Cand se termina acest film ma voi fi uitat la 3 filme.
Will you have been happy> - Vei fi fost tu fericit(a)?

When this movie is over will you have watched 3 movies ?- Cand se termina acest film te vei fi uitat la 3 filme?

Exemplu: Forma interogativa a verbului to watch la Present Perfect Continuous

I have been watching a movie all afternoon - M-am uitat la un film toata dupa amiaza.
Have you been watching a movie all afternoon? - Te-ai uitat la un film toata dupa amiaza?
Has she been watching a movie all afternoon? - S-a uitat ea la un film toata dupa amiaza?

Exemplu: Forma interogativa a verbului to watch la Past Perfect Continuous

I had been watching a movie all afternoon before you came over.- Ma uitasem la un film toata dupa amiaza inainte sa vii tu.
Had you been watching a movie all afternoon before I came over? - Te uitasei la un film toata dupa amiaza inainte sa vin eu?
Had he been watching a movie all afternoon before I came over? - Se uitase la un film toata dupa amiaza inainte sa vin eu?
Exemplu: Forma interogativa a verbului to watch la Future Perfect Continuous

I will have been watching a movie all afternoon by the time it is 5 o'clock.- Ma voi fi uitat la un film toata dupa amiaza pana sa se faca ora 5.
Will you have been watching a movie all afternoon by the time it is 5 o'clock?- Te vei fi uitat la un film toata dupa amiaza pana sa se faca ora 5?

Formarea unui interogativ dintr-o propozitie negativa

Are + pronume + not se contracta intotdeauna in aren't + pronume
Is + pronume + not se contracta intotdeauna in isn't + pronume
Do + pronume + not se contracta intotdeauna in don't + pronume
Will + pronume + not se contracta intotdeauna in won't
Have + pronume + not se contracta intotdeauna in haven't

Was + pronume + not se contracta intotdeauna in wasn't + pronume
Were + pronume + not se contracta intotdeauna in weren't + pronume
Did + pronume + not se contracta intotdeauna in didn't + pronume
Had + pronume + not se contracta intotdeauna in hadn't + pronume

Would + pronume + not se contracta intotdeauna in wouldn't + pronume
Should + pronume + not se contracta intotdeauna in shouldn't + pronume
Puteti sa procedati astfel:
Luati interogativul pozitiv si inlocuiti dupa caz, auxiliarul inversat cu una din contractiile de mai sus.
Altfel porniti de la negatie si faceti inversiunea.
You are 20 - Ai 20 de ani.
You are not 20 - Nu ai 20 de ani.

Are you 20? - Ai 20 de ani?
Aren't you 20? - N-ai 20 de ani?

You saw him - L-ai vazut.
You did not see him - Nu l-ai vazut.

Did you see him? - L-ai vazut?
Didn't you see him? - Nu l-ai vazut?

Formarea unui interogativ dintr-o propozitie negativa in cazul verbului to be.

In cazul verbului to be, interogativul negativ se face tot prin inversarea subiectului cu primul dintre verbele auxiliare.
Am I not - NU se contracta.
Am I going to Paris? - Merg la Paris?
Are you hungry? - Ti-e foame?
Aren't you hungry? - Nu ti-e foame?

Were you hungry? - Ti-era foame?
Weren't you hungry? - Nu ti-era foame?

Have you been hungry? - Ti-a fost foame?
Haven't you been hungry? - Nu ti-a fost foame?

Was I quick? - Am fost iute?
Wasn't I quick? - N-am fost iute?

Will he be there? - Va fi acolo?
Won't he be there? - Nu va fi acolo?

Formarea unui interogativ dintr-o propozitie negativa in cazul altui verb decat to be.

Do you like cheese? - Iti place branza?
Don't you like cheese - Nu iti place branza?

Will he paint your portrait? - Iti va picta portretul?
Won't he paint your portrait? - Nu iti va picta portretul?

Have you planted your garden? - Ti-ai plantat gradina?
Haven't you planted your garden? - Nu ti-ai plantat gradina?
Have you been talking on the phone? - Ai vorbit la telefon?
Haven't you been talking on the phone?

Formularea raspunsului DA/NU la intrebarile fara negatie.

Se face in functie de formularea intrebarii.
La intrebari formulate cu verbul to be, se raspunde tot prin verbul to be.
La intrebari formulate cu auxliarul to do, se raspunde tot prin to do.
La intrebari formulate cu auxliarul to have, se raspunde tot prin to have.
La intrebari formulate cu auxliarul will, se raspunde tot cu will.
Daca mai multe din aceste auxiliare apar intr-o intrebare, se raspunde cu auxiliarul inversat. (Cel din fata subiectului).

Do you play the trombone? - Canti la trombon?
Da - yes
Da cant - Yes I do (si nu yes I play)
Da cant la trombon - Yes I do play the trombone
Nu - No
Nu, nu cant - No I don't
No I don't play the trombone
Are you Romanian? - Yes, I am
Esti roman(ca) - Da, sunt.

Am I smart? - Yes, you are
Sunt destept/desteapta? - Da esti.

Are we late? - No, we are not
Am intarziat? - Nu, nu am intarziat

Did you have a good time? - Yes I did
Te-ai distrat - Da.
Do you like ships? - No, I get seasick.
Iti plac vapoarele? - Nu, am rau de mare.

Have I offended him? - Yes, you have.
L-am jignit? Da.

Had you known about this? - No, I hadn't
Stiai asta? - Nu, nu stiam

Will you be telling the teacher? - No I won't
Ii vei spune profesoarei? - Nu.

Formularea raspunsului DA/NU la intrebarile cu negatie.

Ca si in romaneste, la aceste intrebari este cateodata greu de raspuns clar.
Noi zicem Ba da.
In engleza nu exista ceva echivalent.
Se poate zice: Of course! - Sigur!
sau se poate repeta toata propozitia, accentuand, pentru emfaza (in cazul ca raspunsul e da), auxiliarul.

Don't you play the piano? - Nu canti la pian? Yes, I DO play the piano.
No, I do not play the piano.

Alte raspunsuri la intrebari
Of course - Sigur.
A little - Putin
A lot - Mult
Sort of - Intr-un fel
Not really - Nu prea
Maybe - Poate

Exista ca si romaneste cuvinte specifice pentru intrebari pentru care regulile de formare a interogatiei se schimba
Acest lucru e adevarat numai daca aceste cuvinte formeaza subiectul propozitiei.
In acest caz aceste cuvine reprezinta interogatia si nu e nevoie de alt mod de formare a interogatiei.
Who - Cine
What - Ce
Where - Unde
When - Cand
How - Cum
How - Cat
Which - Care

Who - Cine
Who are you? - Cine esti?
Who won the race? - Cine a castigat cursa? (Raspuns: X won the race - deci who e subiectul)
Who do you think won? - Tu cine crezi ca a castigat? Aici do you think e intercalat in propozitia Who won?

What - Ce
What is this? - Ce e asta?
What is your name - Cum te cheama?(Ce nume ai?)
What happened? - Ce s-a intamplat?
What did you say? (aici subiectul e you - Ce ai spus (tu)?
What time do they open? - La ce ora deschid? (aici subiectul e they - Cine deschid - ei)?
What is the king like? - Cum este regele (Ca ce este regele)?
What do you think? - Ce crezi?
What...like? - Cum...este?
What was it like - Cum a fost?
What is the weather like in Katmandu? - Cum e vremea in Katmandu?

Where - Unde
Where do you live? - Unde locuiesti?
Where is it? - Unde este asta?
Where is Djibouti? - Unde e Djibouti?
Where are you going? - Unde te duci?
Where did you go on vacation? - Unde ai fost in vacanta?

When - Cand
When was that? - Cand a fost asta?
When was World Wae 2? - Cand a fost Al Doilea Razboi Mondial?
When will they be here? - Cand sosesc?
When will the universe die out? - Cand va muri universul?

How - Cum
How are you? - Ce mai faci?
How is granny? - Ce mai face (Cum e) bunica?
How about that? - Ce zici de asta?
How did you do that? - Cum ai facut?
How do you get there? - Cum ai ajuns acolo?
How do I look? - Cum arat?

How much - Cat
How much is it? - Cat costa?
How often do you go to the movies? - Cat de des mergi la film?
How hot is it? - Cat de cald e?
How cold is it? - Cat e de frig (de rece)?
How long is it? - Cat de lung e?
How short is it? - Cat e de scurt?
How big is it? - Cat e de mare?
How small is it? - Cat e de mic?
How far away is it? - Cat e de departe?
How close is it? - Cat e de aproape?
How old is he? - Cati ani are?
How fat is he? - Cat e de gras?
How thin is he? - Cat e de slab?
How tall is he? - Cat e de inalt?
How short is he? - Cat e de scund?

Observatie:
Daca vroiam sa zicem: Cat e de gras! nu mai era intrebare, si ziceam How fat he is!
How fat he is! - Cat e de gras!
How thin he is! - Cat e de slab!
How tall he is! - Cat e de inalt!
How short he is! - Cat e de scund!

Which - Care
Which one is better? - Care e mai bun?
Which should I choose? - Pe care sa il aleg?
Which is yours? - Care e al tau?


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