GRAFITGROUP

CONTACT

Teme la engleza, compuneri, scrisori - ajutor gratis - duminica de la 16 la 17!!!

Invitam pe toata lumea sa vina in fiecare duminica de la ora 16 la 17 la o lectie NOUA demonstrativa gratuita de engleza pe platforma educationala wiziq - wiziq.com

La lectie se vine numai pe baza de invitatie asa ca ii rugam pe cei interesati sa ne anunte pentru a primi o invitatie.
Pentru invitatie scrieti la:megaengleza@yahoo.com pana duminica la ora 10:00.
Puteti in cadrul lectiilor sa puneti intrebari la engleza


  • Inapoi

  • Modul conditional


    Modul conditional exista si in engleza si in romana:
    I would fly if I had wings. - As zbura daca as avea aripi.
    As zbura (I would fly) e conditionalul prezent
    As fi zburat - I would have flown e conditionalul trecut

    Conditionalul Prezent ramane neschimbat la toate persoanele:
    I would fly - Eu as zbura
    You would fly - Tu ai zbura
    He would fly - El ar zbura
    She would fly - Ea ar zbura
    We would fly - Noi am zbura
    You would fly - Voi ati zbura
    They would fly - Ei, Ele ar zbura

    I shall do this are la conditional echivalentul I should do this
    iar
    I will do this are la conditional echivalentul I would do this

    would si should nu inseamna acelasi lucru:
    shall implica o promisiune - I should inseamna ar trebui
    I would inseamna as vrea

    Tom: I shall win the race! - Voi castiga cursa!
    Bill: You should!- Ar trebui (ar fi cazul)

    Tom: I will call you!- Am sa va sun!
    Bill I know you would (like to call us), but they might not have phones - Stiu ca ai vrea sa ne suni, dar s-ar putea sa nu aiba telefoane.

    La diateza pasiva ca si la diateza activa conditionalul nu se schimba in functie de persoana (you, he, she etc)
    I would be asked by my teacher - As fi intrebat de profesoara.

    Conditionalul prezent continuu
    I, you...would be flying.
    They are flying a kite - Ei inalta un zmeu prezent continuu.
    They would be flying a kite if there was wind - Ei ar inalta un zmeu daca ar fi vant conditionalul la prezent continuu.

    Conditionalul prezent continuu inlocuieste conditionalul prezent in aceleasi cazuri in care prezentul continuu inlocuieste prezentul.If he were here, he would be answering your questions, as we speak - Daca ar fi aici, v-ar raspunde la intrebari chiar acum (in timpul acesta in care va vorbesc). iar la prezent: Because he is here he is answeing questions, right now - Pentru ca e aici, el raspunde chiar acum la intrebari

    Si Conditionalul Prezent Continuu ca si conditionalul prezent ramane neschimbat la toate persoanele.
    I would be flying
    You would be flying
    He would be flying
    She would be flying
    We would be flying
    You would be flying
    They would be flying

    Conditionalul Prezent Continuu nu are forma pasiva.

    Conditionalul Trecut e de forma:
    I would have asked - Eu as fi intrebat
    sau
    I should have asked - Ar fi trebuit sa intreb

    Conjugarea Conditionalului trecut e neschimbata la toate persoanele
    In cazul verbelor neregulate se foloseste forma a treia.

    Conjugare: to ask (regulat), to eat (neregulat)
    I would have asked/eaten
    You would have asked/eaten
    He would have asked/eaten
    She would have asked/eaten
    We would have asked/eaten
    You would have asked/eaten
    They would have asked/eaten

    Diateza pasiva - Conditionalul Trecut
    Ca si pana acum nici aceasta forma nu se schimba in functie de persoana (You, he, she etc)
    I would have been asked by my teacher - As fi fost intrebat de profesoara mea.

    Conditionalul trecut continuu
    I, you...would have been flying.
    They were flying a kite - Ei inaltau un zmeu - trecut continuu.
    They would have been flying a kite if there had been wind - Ei ar fi inaltat un zmeu daca ar fi avut vant - conditionalul la trecut continuu.

    Conditionalul trecut continuu inlocuieste conditionalul trecut in aceleasi cazuri in care trecutul continuu inlocuieste trecutul.
    He would have been doing jail time if the law hadn't changed - Ar fi facut puscarie daca nu s-ar fi schimbat legea.

    Conditionalul trecut continuu ramane neschimbat la toate persoanele
    I would have been flying
    You would have been flying
    He would have been flying
    She would have been flying
    We would have been flying
    You would have been flying
    They would have been flying

    Conditionalul Trecut Continuu nu are forma pasiva.

    Propozitiile care contin conditionale contin deasemeni de multe ori prin natura lor conjunctia daca (if).
    Aceste propozitii au forma:
    Daca A atunci B - If A then B
    Daca A, B - If A, B
    B daca A - B if A.
    Aceste propozitii care contin o conditie se numesc conditionale.
    In engleza, ele au anumite reguli pentru timpurile verbelor din cadrul lor.
    Ele se numesc If Clauses
    If I go to school then I will learn a lot - Daca ma duc la scoala atunci voi invata multe
    sau
    If I go to school, I will learn a lot
    sau
    I will learn a lot if I go to school - Voi invata multe daca ma duc la scoala).

    If Clauses - Regula nr1

    Daca B e la viitor dupa if, adica in propozitia A se pune prezentul
    If you let me in, I will give you a package - Daca ma lasi sa intru, iti dau un pachet
    sau
    I will give you a package if you let me in - Iti dau un pachet, daca ma lasi sa intru

    If Clauses - Regula nr2

    Daca B contine connditionalul prezent dupa if, adica in propozitia A se pune past tense
    If I met her I would tell her - Daca as intalni-o, i-as spune
    I would tell her, if I met her - I-as spune, daca as intalni-o

    Exceptie - Regula nr2

    Verbul to be la toate persoanele devine wereIf I were happy I would clap my hands - Daca as fi fericit as bate din palme

    If Clauses - Regula nr3

    Daca B contine connditionalul trecut, dupa if, adica in propozitia A se pune past perfect
    If I had gone by ship I would have been shipwrecked too - Daca ma duceam cu vaporul as fi fost si eu naufragiat.

    Pentru aceste reguli valabile pentru IF clauses
    trebuie sa verificam ca fraza contine un if clause adica contine daca...atunci - if...then.
    Regulile se aplica numai atunci cand daca introduce o propozitie conditionala.
    Asa cum am vazut then poate sa lipseasca din propozitie dar existenta lui then trebuie sa se subinteleaga, chiar daca nu exista in fraza.
    I don't know if he will come - Nu stiu daca el va veni
    Aceasta propozitie nu este echivalenta cu: Daca el va veni atunci nu stiu.
    Deci nu este un if clause, nu are then si acesta nu se subintelege


    Intrebari disjunctiveSubjonctivul

    Doresti lectii de engleza, meditatii individuale sau traduceri? Te asteptam.

    Deasemeni realizam: lecturi, compuneri, cantece, jocuri - in limba engleza.

    • tel: 0213154249 - sediul firmei
    • tel: 0213132756
    • tel: 0728213842
    • email: engleza@grafitgroup.ro

    (c) 2012 by Grafitgroup

    Share on Facebook


    Harta Site | Politica de Confidentialitate | Multumiri | Drept de autor