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  • Forma negativa a verbelor


    Consideram urmatoarele doua categorii de verbe: A (modale si auxiliare), B (celelalte verbe)

    Negatia in engleza se formeaza astfel:

    • prin intercalarea dupa verb a lui not in cazul verbelor modale si a verbului to be (I am not, He can not etc)
    • prin intercalarea dupa auxilar a lui not in cazul celorlalte verbe daca acestea sunt la timpuri compuse (au auxiliar)
    • prin intercalarea inainte de verb a lui do not sau does not in cazul celorlalte verbe daca acestea sunt la prezent simplu
    • prin intercalarea inainte de verb a lui did not in cazul celorlalte verbe daca acestea sunt la trecut simplu

    Negativul verbului to be la present tense se formeaza astfel:

    I am not - Nu sunt
    You are not - Nu esti
    He is not - El nu e
    She is not - Ea nu e
    We are not - Nu suntem
    You are not - Nu sunteti
    They are not - Nu sunt

    Negativul verbului to be la past tense se formeaza astfel:

    I was not - Nu eram
    You were not - Nu erai
    He was not - El nu era
    She was not - Ea nu era
    We were not - Nu eram
    You were not - Nu erati
    They were not - Nu erau

    Negativul unui verb care nu e la un timp compus
    Acesta se formeaza cu ajutorul verbului auxiliar to do:

    Nu lucrez noaptea - I do not work at night
    Nu stiu unde e - I do not know where it is
    Nu m-a intrebat pe mine - He did not ask me.

    Negativul unui verb care e la un timp compus (se foloseste numai NOT)

    Nu lucrez acum - I am not working now
    I will not work tommorow - Nu voi lucra maine
    I haven't been working for weeks - Nu am nai lucrat de saptamani.
    I have not been to Australia - Nu am fost in Australia

    Atunci cand folosim Past Tense care nu e un timp compus si deci negatia contine do, do se pune la trecut nu verbul.
    Deasemenea do la prezent devine does la persoana a 3a singular

    I did not wash my hands - Nu m-am spalat pe maini.
    He does not know me - Nu ma cunoaste
    We did not see him there - Nu l-am vazut acolo.

    Do not se contracta in don't. Did not in didn't

    I do not smoke - Nu fumez
    She does not teach anymore - Ea nu mai preda
    We do not do that - Nu facem asta
    devin
    I don't smoke
    She doesn't teach anymore
    We don't do that

    Present Tense - Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash - a spala.

    I do not wash - I don't wash
    You do not wash - You don't wash
    He does not wash - He doesn't wash
    She do not wash - She doesn't wash
    We do not wash - We don't wash
    You do not wash - You don't wash
    They do not wash - They don't wash

    Present Continuous - Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash - a spala.

    I am not washing - I'm not washing
    You are not washing - You're not washing
    He is not washing - He's not washing
    She's not washing - She's not washing
    We are not washing - We're not washing
    You are not washing - You aren't washing
    They are not washing - They aren't washing

    Past Tense - Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash - a spala.

    I did not wash - I didn't wash
    You did not wash - You didn't wash
    He did not wash - He didn't wash
    She did not wash - She didn't wash
    We did not wash - We didn't wash
    You did not wash - You didn't wash
    They did not wash - They didn't wash

    Present Perfect - Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash - a spala.

    I have not washed - I haven't washed
    You have not washed - You haven't washed
    He has not washed - He hasn't washed
    She has not washed - She hasn't washed
    We have not washed - We haven't washed
    You have not washed - You haven't washed
    They have not washed - They haven't washed

    Past Continuous - Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash - a spala.

    I was not washing - I wasn't washing
    You were not washing - You weren't washing
    He was not washing - He wasn't washing
    She was not washing - She wasn't washing
    We were not washing - We weren't washing
    You were not washing - You weren't washing
    They were not washing - They weren't washing

    Past Perfect - Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash - a spala.

    I had not washed - I hadn't washed
    You had not washed - You hadn't washed
    He had not washed - He hadn't washed
    She had not washed - She hadn't washed
    We had not washed - We hadn't washed
    You had not washed - You hadn't washed
    They had not washed - They hadn't washed

    Future Tense - Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash - a spala.

    I will not wash - I won't wash
    You will not wash - You won't wash
    He will not wash - He won't wash
    She will not wash - She won't wash
    We will not wash - We won't wash
    You willnot wash - You won't wash
    They willnot wash - They won't wash

    Future Continuous - Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash - a spala.

    I will not be washing - I won't be washing
    You will not be washing - You won't be washing
    He will not be washing - He won't be washing
    She will not be washing - She won't be washing
    We will not be washing - We won't be washing
    You will not be washing - You won't be washing
    They will not be washing - They won't be washing

    Future Perfect - Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash - a spala.

    I will not have washed - I won't have washed
    You will not have washed - You won't have washed
    He will not have washed - He won't have washed
    She will not have washed - She won't have washed
    We will not have washed - We won't have washed
    You will not have washed - You won't have washed
    They will not have washed - They won't have washed

    Present Perfect Continuous - Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash - a spala.

    I have not been washing - I've not been washing
    You have not been washing - You haven't been washing
    He has not been washing - He hasn't been washing
    She has not been washing - She hasn't been washing
    We have not have washing - We haven't been washing
    You have not been washing - You haven't been washing
    They have not been washing - They havn't been washing

    Diateza Pasiva - Present Tense - Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash - a spala.

    I am not washed - I'm not washed
    You are not washed - You're not washed
    He is not washed - He's not washed
    She is not washed - She's not washed
    We are not washed - We're not washed
    You are not washed - You're not washed
    They are not washed - They're not washed

    Diateza Pasiva - Present Continuous - Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash - a spala.

    I am not being washed - I'm not being washed
    You are not being washed - You're not being washed
    He is not being washed - He's not being washed
    She is not being washed - She's not being washed
    We are not being washed - We're not being washed
    You are not being washed - You're not being washed
    They are not being washed - They're not being washed

    Diateza Pasiva - Past Tense - Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash - a spala.

    I was not washed - I wasn't washed
    You were not washed - You weren't washed
    He was not washed - He wasn't washed
    She was not washed - She wasn't washed
    We were not washed - We weren't washed
    You were not washed - You weren't washed
    They were not washed - They were'nt washed

    Diateza Pasiva - Present Perfect - Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash - a spala.

    I have not been washed - I've not been washed
    You have not been washed - You haven't been washed
    He has not been washed - He hasn't been washed
    She has not been washed - She hasn't been washed
    We have not have washed - We haven't been washed
    You have not been washed - You haven't been washed
    They have not been washed - They havn't been washed

    Diateza Pasiva - Past Continuous - Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash - a spala.

    I was not being washed - I wasn't being washed
    You were not being washed - You weren't being washed
    He was not being washed - He wasn't being washed
    She was not being washed - She wasn't being washed
    We were not being washed - We weren't being washed
    You were not being washed - You weren't being washed
    They were not being washed - They were'nt being washed

    Diateza Pasiva - Past Perfect - Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash - a spala.

    I had not been washed - I hadn't been washed
    You had not been washed - You hadn't been washed
    He had not been washed - He hadn't been washed
    She had not been washed - She hadn't been washed
    We had not have washed - We hadn't been washed
    You had not been washed - You hadn't been washed
    They had not been washed - They hadn't been washed

    Diateza Pasiva - Future Tense - Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash - a spala.

    I will not be washed - I won't be washed
    You will not be washed - You won't be washed
    He will not be washed - He won't be washed
    She will not be washed - She won't be washed
    We will not be washed - We won't be washed
    You will not be washed - You won't be washed
    They will not be washed - They won't be washed

    Diateza Pasiva - Future Continuous - Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash - a spala.

    Acest timp e prea complicat. Nu se foloseste

    Diateza Pasiva - Future Perfect - Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash - a spala.

    I will not have been washed - I won't have been washed
    You will not have been washed - You won't have been washed
    He will not have been washed - He won't have been washed
    She will not have been washed - She won't have been washed
    We will not have been washed - We won't have been washed
    You will not have been washed - You won't have been washed
    They will not have been washed - They won't have been washed

    Diateza Pasiva - Perfect Continuous Tenses- Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash - a spala.

    Present Perfect Continuous
    Past Perfect Continuous
    Future Perfect Continuous

    Aceste timpuri devin foarte complicate la diateza pasiva, asa ca nu se folosesc.

    Conditionalul - Forma negativa si contractia verbului to wash - a spala.

    Formele de conditional would si should provin de la forma de viitor will asa ca negativul in aceste cazuri se formeaza la fel ca pentru will

    I would not tell him if I were you.
    I wouldn't tell him if I were you
    Nu i-as spune sa fiu in locul tau

    They should not buy a new car
    They shouldn't buy a new car
    Nu e nevoie sa-si cumpere o masina noua

    Verbe neregulateForma Interogativa

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