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Propozitii negative


So come sit by my side if you're going
Do not hasten to bid me adieu
Just remember the Red River Valley
And the cowboy who loved you so true

Won't you think of the valley you're leaving?
Oh, how lonely and sad it will be!
Won't you think of the fond heart you're breaking,
And the grief you are causing to me?

Fragment cantec western

Vino si stai langa mine de vrei sa pleci
Nu te grabi sa-mi spui adio
Doar tine minte Valea Raului Rosu
Si cowboy-ul care te-a iubit atat de sincer

Nu te vei gandi la valea pe care o lasi?
Vai ce singuratic si trist va fi
Nu te vei gandi la inima draga pe care o frangi,
Si la amaraciunea ce mi-o pricinuiesti?

Asculta cantecul


In engleza forma negativa a unei propozitii se formeaza folosind una din urmatoarele forme:

  1. do not - deobicei se contracteaza in don't: se foloseste cu verbe care nu sunt compuse (adica Present Tense si Past Tense)
  2. not - daca timpul verbului este compus (i am not, i will not = i won't, i have not = i haven't etc)
  3. tot not pentru verbele modale (exemplu: must si can dar si pentru to be)
  • must not - se poate contracta in mustn't: are intelesul de 'nu e voie' sau 'nu trebuie'.
  • can not - deobicei se contracteaza in can't: inseamna 'nu se poate'
  • is not - deobicei se contracteaza in isn't: inseamna 'nu este'

Auxiliarul (do, be, have) este cel care se conjuga in timp ce verbul care primeste negatia ramane cu forma de infinitiv.


To Work = A Munci

Present Tense
I do not work
You do not work
He does not work
She do not work
We do not work
You do not work
They do not work
Present Continuous
I am not working
You are not working
He is not working
She is not working
We are not working
You are not working
They are not working
Present Perfect
I have not worked
You have not worked
He has not worked
She has not worked
We have not worked
You have not worked
They have not worked
Present Perfect Continuous
I have not been working
You have not been working
He has not been working
She has not been working
We have not been working
You have not been working
They have not been working
Past Tense
I did not work
You did not work
He did not work
She did not work
We did not work
You did not work
They did not work
Past Continuous
I was not working
You were not working
He was not working
She was not working
We were not working
You were not working
They were not working
Past Perfect
I had not worked
You had not worked
He had not worked
She had not worked
We had not worked
You had not worked
They had not worked
Past Perfect Continuous
I had not been working
You had not been working
He had not been working
She had not been working
We had not been working
You had not been working
They had not been working
Future Tense
I will not work
You will not work
He will not work
She will not work
We will not work
You will not work
They will not work
Future Continuous
I will not be working
You will not be working
He will not be working
She will not be working
We will not be working
You will not be working
They will not be working
Future Perfect
I will not have worked
You will not have worked
He will not have worked
She will not have worked
We will not have worked
You will not have worked
They will not have worked
Future Perfect Continuous
I will not have been working
You will not have been working
He will not have been working
She will not have been working
We will not have been working
You will not have been working
They will not have been working

Exemple:

  1. Not:
  2. Vezi mai sus conjugarea verbului to work = a munci (verb regulat folosit si in lectia 'timpurile verbelor').
    Conjugarea este la toate timpurile, inclusiv la cele simple care cer verbul do
  3. Do Not:
    1. You do not believe him - Nu il crezi. (to believe = a crede)
    2. He does not talk - Nu vorbeste. (to talk = a vorbi)
    3. I did not do my homework - Nu mi-am facut tema. (folosire dubla a verbului to do = a face)
    4. She did not leave - Nu a plecat. (to leave = a pleca)
    5. She will not attend - Nu va participa. (to attend = a partcipa)
  4. Must Not:
    1. You must not believe him - Sa nu il crezi!
    2. He must not talk after surgery - Nu are voie sa vorbeasca dupa operatie (after = dupa, surgery = operatie)
    3. I mustn't do my homework in a hurry - Nu e voie sa-mi fac temele in graba (in a hurry = in graba)
    4. She mustn't leave - Nu trebuie sa plece
    5. She mustn't attend - Trebuie sa nu participe
  5. Can not:
    1. I can't believe you - Nu pot sa te cred
    2. He can't talk - Nu poate sa vorbeasca
    3. I can't do my homework - Nu pot sa imi fac temele
    4. I couldn't do my homework - Nu puteam sa-mi fac lectiile
    5. She can't leave - Nu (se) poate sa plece
    6. She couldn't leave - Nu putea sa plece
    7. She can't attend - Nu poate participa
    8. She will not be able to attend - Nu va putea sa participe

Pentru formele prezent, trecut si viitor ale verbului can, consultati lectia verbele modale.



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